FDA proposes system of names, suffixes for biologics, biosimilars
Thursday, August 27, 2015
Posted by: Angela King
Cheaper versions of biotechnology drugs in the U.S. will be distinguished from the expensive brand-name medicine they imitate by attaching a suffix to their generic name, the Food and Drug Administration proposed, a plan that may affect how doctors prescribe the treatments.
Brand-name biologics, which are made from living organisms instead of chemicals like traditional drugs, would also carry a suffix, the agency said in a blog post. The FDA is seeking public comment on the proposal before it issues final guidance.
Doctors typically use generic names -- called non-proprietary names, in FDA nomenclature -- to prescribe drugs, often leaving it up to pharmacists to decide which company’s products drugmakers choose to hand over to patients. In the world of chemical drugs, brand-name medications and their generic copies carry the same name. For example, Pfizer Inc.’s Lipitor is atorvastatin, and all generics go by atorvastatin.
But since biosimilars aren’t exact copies of their brand-name competitors, a debate has emerged over whether they should have a common name.
The FDA said its proposal would help prevent doctors and pharmacists from inadvertently substituting one drug for another when the agency has determined the drugs aren’t interchangeable. It would also make it easier to track the safety of each manufacturer’s drugs, the FDA said.
The agency also said it hasn’t yet decided whether biosimilars that are considered interchangeable, which means they can be substituted for a brand-name version at the pharmacy counter, would require a unique suffix or share the same as the brand they copy. The FDA hasn’t yet released guidance on what it will require of companies to prove their biosimilars are interchangeable.
In addition, the FDA asked for comments on how it would impose the suffix policy on biologics that are already on the market without one.
The issues are arising because the FDA only recently was given the authority to approve copies of biosimilars. Thus far it has cleared one - Novartis AG’s version of Amgen Inc.’s cancer drug Neupogen.
The active ingredient in Neupogen is filgrastim, and the FDA made Zarxio’s name filgrastim-sndz. The FDA now says all biosimilars would receive a suffix, though the four lowercase letters won’t have meaning.
Because the sndz suffix implies the name of the Novartis unit, Sandoz, that makes the biosimilar, the agency proposed a rule that would change the suffix for Zarxio and certain other biological products already on the market.
Novartis’ filgrastim-sndz would become filgrastim-bflm. Amgen’s Neupogen imitation would be called filgrastim-jcwp. and a version of filgrastim that Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. makes would be filgrastim-vkzt.
Amgen’s dialysis drug Epogen and Johnson & Johnson’s arthritis treatment Remicade would be called epoetin alfa-cgkn and infliximab-hjmt respectively, according to the proposed rule.
Source: Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-08-27/what-to-call-biologic-copycats-fda-proposes-names-with-suffixes